Robert Strozier was born July 20, 1906, in McRae, Georgia and graduated from high school in Moultrie, Georgia.
He received a bachelor's and a master's degree from Emory University in 1930 and began his educational career on the faculty of Georgia College for Men at Tifton and was later on the faculties of West Georgia College and the University of Georgia.
Strozier did postgraduate work at the Sorbonne and at the University of Chicago, where he was awarded a Ph.D. in 1945.
In 1936 he married Margaret Burnett. They had three children.